Best Types Of Wood For Constructing A Bed Frame?

When you talk about bed frames one of the first things to pop into mind is stability. Who wouldn’t want a bed that is firm and strong?

Essentially that is the purpose of bed frames- to prop up your mattress on for firm support during your night time rest.

How to go about building a bed

Bed frames are a near necessity in most households. Ranging from metallic bed frame, laminates, veneers and wooden bed frames, they are a staple part of bedroom décor and outlook.

One of the most exciting tasks in furnishing one’s bedroom would be to decide on what kind of bed frame they would want.

What statement do they want to make?

What décor finish are they going for?

Or what best suits their specific need?

All of this and much more are some of the questions one should ask when choosing a bed frame. 

Making a bed frame using wood

In most societies, wooden bed frames are popular.

They are common due to the myriad benefits they confer on the user in comparison to their metallic or laminates counter parts.

  1. Foremost, they are relatively easy to access. They can be found in lumber garages which deal in retail of various types of wood. Due to their ready availability they are cheaper to metal bed frames.
  2. Secondly, wood is flexible and can easily be manipulated by carving; bending or cutting-you name it. They therefore provide the user with a wide variety of styling and finishing options from simple to complex designs. It can also be colored or bleached depending on the user’s preference. Also, it is very easy to change from one color to another as you can directly paint on the wood using ordinary paint.
  3. Generally, wood has an organic, natural look to it, making it more admirable and desirable than metallic bed frames which look artificial and life-less.
  4. Wood has greater detail that contributes to its aesthetics. Features such as grain and unique markings such as pit knots and gum streaks add vibrancy to its appearance.
  5. Wood is very durable and requires very little effort in its maintenance. This is because most wood is usually coated with clear vanish which can easily be cleaned using a damp cloth.
  6. Lastly, the wood ages like fine wine! Wood grows more beautiful, raw and natural looking with time.

Best variety of wood to make a bed

Wood is broadly categorized into hard wood and soft wood.

However, there are other types of wood such as plywood and Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) which are more processed and made from either hard wood or soft wood.

In determining which wood is best suited for your desired bed frame, the following characteristics should be considered:

  • Quality
  • Durability
  • Workability/ ease of manipulation
  • Expense
  • Color
  • Grain
  • Unique characteristics

The use of hard wood to make a bed

Hard wood is the best wood to use for a bed frame. Hard wood is the name given to timber derived from angiosperms trees, which in essence are flowering trees which produce seeds.

These trees are typically slow to grow as compared to their soft wood counterparts. 

Characteristics of hardwood

It is:

  1. Strong
  2. Dense
  3. Darker
  4. Durable- can be used up to 100 years
  5. Expensive
  6. Generally, not easily workable due to their robust physique
  7. Do not swell or shrink (expansion and contraction)

Examples of hardwood

Oak– has excellent partly open grain which contributes to its unique exotic appearance. It is very strong, dense and heavy thus not easily workable.

Vinyl Peel and Stick Floor Tile, Self-Adhesive Wood Plank, 60-Pack (90 Square Feet) - 6 Inch Width, 36 Inch Length, 1.2mm - Light Grey Oak - Easy DIY Nexus Planks for Any Room by Achim Home Decor
2,869 Reviews
Vinyl Peel and Stick Floor Tile, Self-Adhesive Wood Plank, 60-Pack (90 Square Feet) - 6 Inch Width, 36 Inch Length, 1.2mm - Light Grey Oak - Easy DIY Nexus Planks for Any Room by Achim Home Decor
  • Nexus Wood Look Floor Planks: Transform your floor for a low cost and no hassle...
  • Dimensions: Each plank measures 6 inches x 36 inches and 1.2mm thick. There are...
  • Peel ‘N’ Stick: The Nexus Floor Planks feature easy DIY installation. Simply...

However, it has an excellent finish. The timber naturally protects itself from fungal infestation and insect attacks.

Mahogany– it is typically reddish brown in color, has a fine grain and is moderately heavy thus having excellent workability. View Mahogany best price.

Cherry– has unique markings that make it very desirable and it can easily curve. The heart wood is usually reddish brown whereas the sap wood is white to yellow in color. Has a fine grain and an excellent finish.

Ebony– has a dark color- usually deep brown bordering black. It is dense and strong and has a distinct grain. Check price here

Maple– it is very strong thus not easily workable. In fact you need a quality home chainsaw to cut through it. It comes in shades of light beige to an almost tan. There are hardwoods which are slightly weaker such as poplar, which is light tan in color. 

Building a bed with soft wood

This is timber derived from coniferous trees. These trees are faster growing as compared to hardwood trees.

Characteristics of soft wood

It is:

  1. Lighter and less dense
  2. Can easily scratch or dent
  3. Light in color
  4. Easily workable
  5. Less durable usually with a shorter life span as compared to hardwood
  6. Cheaper
  7. Are prone to warp, swell or shrink (expansion and contraction)

Examples of soft wood

Pine is the most common of soft wood and is typically grown in plantations. Pine comprises of:

White pine – its sap wood ranges from yellow to white while it’s hard word reddish brown or even cream. May either have a broad or tight grain and is easy to paint.

Yellow pine – has similar characteristics as white pine though has an imperfect finish

Cedar – easily workable and has a wide range of colors.


This is processed or manufactured wood. It is generated by attaching layers of soft wood or hard wood on each side of the surface. Ply wood therefore has a wide variety of options and a broad spectrum of grains to choose from.

The more the layers attached, the more its strength and durability and the greater its overall quality. It is less expensive however hard wood and ply woods are typically more expensive.

It also does not suffer from expansion and contraction. One key detriment of plywood is its finishing.

The cheaper the plywood, the weaker the edges when you cut through, as there may be gaps left in between the attached wood. Also, they may not be completely straight as most tend to be slightly curved.

Medium density fiberboard

These are also manufactured and highly processed timber. Some of its benefits are they are less expensive and are easily workable, they do not suffer from splinting once cut which most wood does.

On the flip side, a lot of dust is produced when you saw or cut through it. The dust may lead to health complications if an individual inhale it over a long period of time.

Also, its edges are also not strong and may easily collapse when screwed. Therefore, this wood is only best for light furniture preferably those which are decorative in nature.


So which is the recommended wood for a bed?

Next time you will be building your next bed you know which is the best wood to use. Make sure your bed frame lasts and enhances the appearance of bedroom.

This is especially if you are getting a bed for your kids who most time result in playing on top of the bed.

Therefore you are the one to determine the best wood to use to make your bed. All this will depend on your needs.

Last update on 2023-02-08 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API